HOMEPAGE

About CZ
 
Facts about the Czech Republic
 
Famous historical figures

 

Karel Hynek Mácha

 
photo:  (www.cojeco.cz)
 

A Czech poet and prose writer, he is the most important representative of Czech Romanticism and is one of the greatest Czech poets.

 
(1810–1836)

Called the founder of Czech modern poetry. He became famous chiefly due to his lyrical-epic work Máj (May) (1836), which is one of the most beautiful works of Czech literature. It tells a tragic romantic storey which was reputedly inspired by a real event.

During his short life he created many more works. He wrote poetry, prose and drama. He wrote his first poetic attempts in German, which he spoke perfectly. In prose he chiefly devoted his work to historic subjects. His most extensive prose is the work of fiction titled Gypsies. Other works by Mácha include: Křivoklad, Pictures from My Life (An Evening at Bezděz, Marinka), The Krknos Pilgrimage, Return, Sazava Monastery, Valdice, Discord Between Worlds and Dream. Mácha also intended to write an extensive four-part work of fiction, but his premature death meant that he only wrote the outline of this work. Karel Hynek Mácha died unexpectedly aged only 26 years. A large volume of his work was published posthumously.

Mácha was an enthusiastic traveller and avid walker. He sought out romantic historical sites and sites of natural beauty. He enjoyed wandering around the ruins of Czech castles and frequently drew them, as he also had artistic talent. 115 drawings and aquarelles of “Observed Castles” by Mácha have survived to date. In 1834 he made his longest journey by foot through Austria and over the Alps to Italy, writing his Diary of the Journey to Italy about the event.

During his life he had many critics (for instance J.K. Tyl), who accused him of insufficient national sentiment and that he was too influenced by Byron’s poetry. However, he also had his admirer’s who saw him as an exceptional poet. A number of writers openly declared their support of him and became well-known in Czech literature as Májovci, for instance Jan Neruda and others. You can find more information here . 
 
 
Author: Ivana Jenerálová
 
Added: 19.02.2010
 
 
 

Related articles

 
Famous historical figures
 
 

Emil Zátopek

The Czech sporting elite includes numerous famous personalities whose achievements during the Olympic...

 
 
Famous historical figures
 
 

Tomáš Baťa

Tomáš Baťa, a Czechoslovak born in Zlín (the region of Moravia), is considered to be one of the world...

 
 
Famous historical figures
 
 

Saint Wenceslas

(probably 907 – probably 935)

 
 
Famous historical figures
 
 

Czech travellers – part 2

Every nation has its famous personalities, whose names universally evoke adventure, exotic countries...

 
Most favourite

History of Czech fine art

What happened in the realm of fine art at the very beginning of the Czech…

Climate

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in moderate geographical…

The most significant current discoveries

During the last decade, Czech science has made many revolutionary discoveries…

Czech language

The Czech language belongs to the group of West Slavic languages. From another…