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UNESCO Sites – Part 5 Olomouc

 
photo:  (czechtourism.com)
 

The city of Olomouc is a significant metropolis in the Moravian part of the Czech Republic. Due to its strategic location, ancient university and long traditions of religion, culture and crafts, it became the logical capital of Moravia that has attracted artists, intellectuals and traders throughout the centuries. It is no surprise that we can find yet another monument included on the UNESCO World Heritage Site List – the Holy Trinity Column – in Olomouc.

 

Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc

The monument was built from 1716 to 1754 to celebrate the end of the plague epidemics in Olomouc. The architects found inspiration for the column at the Piazza Maria Maggiore in Rome, which was erected in 1614. The construction was influenced by the wave of the Baroque plague, Marian and honorary columns that spread after the Council of Trent. The originator, author and patron of this particular column was the architect Václav Render.

After his death, many other local artists collaborated on the construction of the column. The most significant of them was the sculptor Ondřej Zahner, who created 21 above-life size statues from limestone. However, he did not live to see the completed monument either, as he died in 1752. The sculptures were finally consecrated in 1754 in attendance of Empress Maria Therese and her husband, Francis Stephen I, Duke of Lorraine. In 1995, the monument, the Marian Column and the Baroque fountains were proclaimed a national cultural monument and added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 2000 as one of the most significant monuments of the Baroque Style in Central Europe.

The column is 35 meters high and is the highest sculptural group in the Czech Republic. The sculptures include 18 saints, 12 figures of angels carrying light and 6 reliefs with half-bodies of Apostles. The sculptural group of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is placed in the central part of the column. Two sculptural groups of the Holy Trinity glow from the top of the column. The monument also includes a small chapel.

The Holy Trinity Column is a unique monument that combines the triumphant motives of celebrating the church and religion. The artists created a monument unique for its size and the complexity of the sculpture’s decorations that have inspired many future generations.

More detailed information can be found here.
 
 
Author: Romana Kuncová
 
Added: 15.09.2011
 
 
 

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