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Consumer goods industry

 
photo:  (wikimedia.com)
 

The consumer goods industry, i.e. the industry producing goods for short- or long-term consumption, has had a long history in the Czech Republic. The traditional and most developed branches of the Czech consumer goods industry include the textile and clothing industry, shoemaking and production of glass, porcelain, ceramics and jewellery.

 
 
Textile and clothing industry
The traditionally well-developed textile and clothing industry belonged among the leading branches of the entire Czech industry before the Second World War. As a result of losing the eastern markets and fierce competition from cheap Asian products, many companies have disappeared in the last twenty years. Even OP Prostějov, the biggest Czech clothing company of the past, succumbed to the pressure of these competing companies.

Important companies of the textile and clothing industry:
  • Textile: Elite Varnsdorf, Elmarco Liberec, Veba Broumov, Svitap Svitavy
  • Clothing: Jitex Písek, Pleas Havlíčkův Brod, Moira Strakonice, Otavan Třeboň, Tonak Nový Jičín

Shoemaking industry 

The shoemaking industry also has a long history in the Czech Republic thanks especially to the shoemaker Tomáš Baťa, who established the shoemaking company Baťa in 1894. It is still one of the biggest companies of such kind in the Czech Republic and it has a great world-wide reputation, too.

Important companies of the shoemaking industry:
  • Baťa Zlín, Botas Skuteč, Selva Shoes Třebíč, Prabos Slavičín, Fare, Essi

Glass industry

The glass industry has been well-established in the Czech Republic mainly due to sufficient sources of materials needed to make glass. Most glass companies are located in northern Bohemia, on the foothills of the Krušné Mountains and in eastern Moravia. Jablonec nad Nisou is a world-famous centre of jewellery production.

Important companies:
  • Production of flat glass: Glaverbel Czech, a.s. Teplice, AGC Automotive Czech, a.s. Chudeřice
  • Production of utility and decorative glass and jewellery: Moser, a.s Karlovy Vary, Preciosa, a.s. Jablonec, Crystalex, a.s. Nový Bor, Sklo Bohemia, a.s. Světlá nad Sázavou
  • Production of technical glass: Sklárny Kavalier, a.s. Sázava, STV Glass, a.s. Valašské Meziříčí
  • Production of packaging glass: Avirunion, a.s. Teplice, Vetropack Moravia Glass, a.s. Kyjov
  • Production of glass fibres: Saint-Gobain Vertex, a.s. Litomyšl

Porcelain and ceramic industry

Porcelain production is tied to regions rich in high-quality kaolin in western Bohemia. Most utility porcelain is produced in the region of Karlovy Vary. The ceramic industry is concentrated mainly in the surroundings of Plzeň and Rakovník, the biggest centre in Moravia is then Velké Opatovice.

Important companies:
  • Utility and decorative porcelain: Thun – Karlovarský porcelán a.s. Karlovy Vary, Český porcelán Dubí, Royal Dux Bohemia Duchcov
  • Sanitary ceramic: JIKA – Keramické závody, a.s. Bechyně, Keramické závody Znojmo
  • Building ceramic: Rako Rakovník, Lasselsberger Horní Bříza a Chlumčany, Moravské keramické závody Rájec – Jestřebí
  • Technical ceramic: Elektroporcelán Louny, Carborundum Electrite Benátky nad Jizerou

Paper and cellulose industry

Production of paper and cellulose is located in the vicinity of rivers. The biggest companies in this field include the combine in Paskov u Ostravy and in Větřní by the upper reaches of Vltava and the company in Štětí by the middle reaches of Labe.

Important companies:
  • JIP Větřní, Papírny Vltavský mlýn Loučovice, Biocel Paskov, KRPA Hostinné, Papírny Brno, Hartmann-Rico Veverská Bitýška, Papírny Bělá pod Bezdězem, ORPA Papír Lanškroun, OLPA Olšany

Wood-working industry

This branch of industry is connected with woodcutting in mountainous and submontane regions, where companies dealing with the primary processing of wood operate, i.e. sawmills. Most furniture-producing companies are based in central Moravia and central and southern Bohemia. The Czech production of pencils, matches and wooden musical instruments has a long history and enjoys a great reputation throughout the whole world.

Important companies:
  • Furniture production: Falcon Mimoň, Jitona Soběslav, Koryna Koryčany, Tusculum Rousínov, TON Bystřice pod Hostýnem
  • Musical instruments production: Amati Kraslice (wind), Strunal Luby (string), Petrof Hradec Králové (pianos), Rieger-Kloss Krnov (organs)
  • Sports equipment production: Sporten Nové Město na Moravě (skis, snowboards)
  • Toys production: Tofa Semily
  • Matches and pencils: SOLO sirkárna Sušice (matches), Koh-i-noor Hardtmuth České Budějovice (pencils)
 
Author: Ivana Jenerálová
 
Added: 06.02.2012
 
 
 

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