HOMEPAGE

Business
 
Economic facts

 

Main pillars of Czech industry

 
photo:  (sxc.hu)
 

Industrial production in the territory of the Czech Republic has a very long tradition. In the Austrian-Hungarian period, the Czech lands used to be an industrial base for the whole empire – in the times before the dissolution of the Austrian-Hungarian realm, nearly 70% of the industrial production of the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy was concentrated in Czech Lands. When the independent Czechoslovakia was established, industry was developing so greatly that Czechoslovakia was counted among the world industrial leaders.

 
 
Nowadays, industry is still very important to the economy of the Czech Republic. As regards the percentage share, industry stands at 35% (62.3% services, 2.8% agriculture). Over 40% of all economically active citizens work in the industrial sector. The main pillars of the Czech industry are engineering and machine engineering, mining, chemistry and foodstuff production, followed by the energy industry, civil engineering and consumer industry.

Engineering and machine engineering

The engineering industry is ranked among the most traditional industrial branches in the Czech Republic. Its most important part is the automotive industry, which is a very strong exporter as well. In 2010, according to the Czech Statistic Office, 54.2% of export was from products of the automotive industry. The automotive industry in the Czech Republic employs over 120 thousand people. The largest and most significant producer of automobiles in the CR is Škoda Auto.
Leading companies in the branch of automotive and transport engineering in the Czech Republic:
  • Automobiles: Škoda Auto Mladá Boleslav, TPCA Kolín, Hyundai Nošovice
  • Large vehicles and trucks: Tatra Kopřivnice, Daewoo Avia Praha
  • Buses: Iveco-Karosa Vysoké Mýto, SOR Libchavy, TEDOM Třebíč
  • Trolleybuses, tramways, metro: ŠKODA Plzeň
  • Engines and wagons: ŠKODA Plzeň, LOSTR Louny
  • Tractors: Zetor Brno
  • Motorcycles: Jawa Týnec nad Sázavou
  • Airplanes: Aero Vodochody, Let Kunovice, Moravan Otrokovice
  • Boats and ships: České loděnice Děčín

Mining industry

The mining industry is often connected with the engineering industry. At present, the mining industry is mostly concentrated in the regions with raw material deposits (black coal, limestone), i.e. mainly in the region of Ostrava. Iron ore, the core raw material for steel production, is imported.
Leading companies in the branch of mining:
  • Arcelor Mittal Ostrava
  • Evraz Vítkovice Steel, Ostrava
  • Třinecké železárny, Třinec
  • ŽDB Group, Bohumín
  • Poldi Hütte, Kladno

Chemical industry

The chemical industry is an indicator of the economic level of the country as it requires well-qualified human resources, appropriate raw materials, as well as water and energy sources. On the other hand, the production means a considerable environment burden (water, soil and air pollution). The Czech chemical industry is mostly concentrated in the region of northern Bohemia (from Ústí nad Labem to Hradec Králové). The Moravian chemical area is mostly located along the central and lower part of the Morava River. Crude oil is processed in the areas close to the pipeline (Litvínov, Kralupy nad Vltavou).
Leading companies in the branch of chemistry:
  • Petrochemical production – Chemopetrol Litvínov, Paramo Pardubice, Koramo Kolín, Česká rafinérská Litvínov, Benzina Praha
  • Chemicals – Spolana Neratovice, Lovochema Lovosice, Spolchemie Ústí nad Labem, Setuza Ústí nad Labem, Syntezia Pardubice, Semtex Semtín, Deza Valašské Meziříčí, Precheza Přerov
  • Rubber industry – Kaučuk Kralupy nad Vltavou, Barum Otrokovice, Gumotex Břeclav, Gumárny Zubří, Rubena Náchod
  • Plastic materials – Fatra Napajedla, Technoplast Chropyně, Plastimat Liberec, Advanced Plastics Vrbno pod Pradědem
  • Pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry – Zentiva Praha, Galena Opava, Chemopharma Ústí nad Labem, Dermacol Praha

Foodstuff industry

The food processing industry is spread throughout the whole territory of the Czech Republic. Basic inputs for foodstuff production come from agricultural products, products of forestry and water management, and from imported products. Among most important segments of the Czech foodstuff industry, beer production remains in one of the leading positions. Every year, more than 2 million hl of beer is exported from the Czech Republic. The largest producers of beer in the Czech Republic are Prazdroj Plzeň, Staropramen Praha and Budvar České Budějovice.
Leading companies in the foodstuff industry:
  • Meat and meat products: Kostelecké uzeniny, Hamé Babice, Krahulík Krahulčí, Agropol Vodňany, Masokombinát Ostrava-Martinov
  • Raw grease and oil: Setuza Ústí nad Labem, Unilever Nelahozeves
  • Mild production: Danone Benešov, Olma Olomouc, Mlékárna Kunín, Madeta České Budějovice
  • Natural sugar production: Moravskoslezské cukrovary Hrušovany nad Jevišovkou, Cukrovary TTD Dobrovice, Cukrovar Vrbátky
  • Beer: Plzeňský Prazdroj, Budvar České Budějovice, Pražské pivovary, Velkopopovický kozel, Pivovar Krušovice, Radegast Nošovice
  • Spirits and liquors: Stock Plzeň, Bohemia sekt Starý Plzenec, Becherovka Karlovy Vary, Moravské vinařské závody Bzenec, Znovín Znojmo, Chateau Lednice, Templářské sklepy Čejkovice, R. Jelínek Vizovice
  • Soft beverages: Mattoni Karlovy Vary, Karlovarská Korunní Stráž nad Ohří, Poděbradka Poděbrady, Hanácká Kyselka Horní Moštěnice, Dobrá voda Byňov, Jupí Ostrava
 
Author: Ivana Jenerálová
 
Added: 10.10.2011
 
 
 

Related articles

 
Czech companies
 
 

Beer Nation – Czech Republic

Czechs are a beer nation. They love to speak about beer, and they love to drink beer. The average beer...

 
 
Economic facts
 
 

Main pillars of Czech industry

Industrial production in the territory of the Czech Republic has a very long tradition. In the Austrian...

 
 
Economic facts
 
 

New CZECH MONEY mobile app

The Czech National Bank became one of the first central banks in the European Union to implement new...

 
 
Geography
 
 

The best office building is in Prague

Prague can boast yet another primacy. This time, the city gained the first place in the architectonic...

 
Most favourite

History of Czech fine art

What happened in the realm of fine art at the very beginning of the Czech…

Climate

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in moderate geographical…

The most significant current discoveries

During the last decade, Czech science has made many revolutionary discoveries…

Czech language

The Czech language belongs to the group of West Slavic languages. From another…