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Safety and security in the Czech Republic

 
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The Czech Republic is a member state of the European Union, and being responsible for the safety of the state and its citizens, it must react to the same challenges as the other EU members do. The globalisation and integration processes are accompanied by an increasing number of threats to safety, concerning both the country and the population. The most serious threats are terrorism, organised crime, illegal distribution of mass destruction weapons and illegal migration, along with industrial accidents, natural disasters or disease epidemics.

 
 
The external security of the state is provided, in cooperation with NATO, by the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic (ACR). The Police Forces of the Czech Republic are responsible for order within the country and provide the internal security of the state together with the Municipal Police of each city and town. In addition, there is also the Military Police.

Police of the Czech Republic
The Police of the Czech Republic are an armed security corpse, a law enforcing agency of the Czech Republic, with competences for the whole territory of the state. The main responsibilities are internal security and order within the country. The emergency phone number of the Police CR is 158. The Police of the Czech Republic are subordinated to the Ministry of Interior CR.

The scope of responsibilities of the Police of the Czech Republic: protect citizens’ property and safety, provide public order, combat terrorism, take care of the safety and continuity of road traffic, cooperate in the control of road traffic, reveal crimes, criminals, etc.

Specialised bodies within the Police of the Czech Republic:
  • Institute of Criminalistics Prague
  • Air Rescue Service
  • Czech National Drug Centre (National Drug Squad)
  • Alien Police Service
  • The Office of the Documentation and the Investigation of the Crimes of Communism (of the Office of Service of Criminal Police and investigation)
  • Unit for Combating corruption and Financial Crime of the Office of Service of Criminal Police and investigation 
  • Organized Crime Unit of the Office of Service of Criminal Police and investigation 
  • Unit for Protection of the President CR
  • Unit for Protection of Constitutional Authorities
  • Rapid Response Unit
  • Unit for Special Operational Tasks of the Office of Service of Criminal Police and investigation 

Municipal Police
Municipal police units are administered by cities and municipalities. Their scope of activities is limited to the city or the municipality. The municipal police closely cooperate with the Police of the Czech Republic. The municipal police unit is controlled by the mayor or another authorized member of the municipal council. The emergency phone number of the municipal police is 156.

Municipal police have jurisdiction over misdemeanours, supervise and protect the safety of citizens and properties, public order, collaborate within their competence with the Police CR in terms of safety on the roads, deal with offences and other wrongs, etc.

Alien Police Service
The Alien Police is the unit of the Police of the Czech Republic with national competence and specialisation. Their main duties are connected with investigation of illegal migration of citizens from other countries and with residence permits for foreigners in the Czech Republic. In addition, the Alien Police supervises the state border, and deals with criminal activities related to crossing borders.
You can find contacts to the departments of the Alien Police here.

Military Police is a special police unit that operates within the army. Their duties are connected with protection of the armed forces, military premises, military equipment and supplies, etc. You can find more detailed information about the tasks and powers of the Military Police here.

For more information about safety and security in the Czech Republic, their units, etc. go to the website of the Ministry of Interior of the Czech Republic.
 
Author: Romana Kuncová
 
Source: www.mvcr.cz
 
Added: 16.11.2010
 
 
 

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