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Caves in the Czech Republic

 
photo: jeskyně Balcarka (wikipedia.org, autor Pražák)
 

Czech caves are annually visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists from the Czech Republic and abroad. They are very popular with film-makers when producing fairy tales, documentary films and other projects. They are pleasantly cool during hot summer days although you can visit them all year round.

 
There are more than 2,000 caves in the Czech Republic, of which fourteen are accessible to the public and administrated by the Cave Administration of the CR within the Ministry of the Environment. All caves in the CR are protected by the nature and landscape protection law.

Caves in the CR accessible to tourists

The Moravian Karst, situated in southern Moravia north of Brno, is the best-known and most visited karst area in the CR. There are 5 caves open to the public, which have partially barrier-free access.

Punkva Caves and Macocha Abyss – the 1.2 km long attractive cave circuit includes the world famous Macocha abyss (Map), which is 138 m deep, and a 350 m long voyage on boats on the underground Punkva River.

Kateřinská Cave is a significant paleontological and archaeological site (Map). The tour includes the largest accessible underground site in the CR covering an area of 97 m and a fantastic group of narrow, up to 4 m high pole-like stalagmites.

Balcarka Cave – well-known for its extraordinarily rich and colourful stalactite and stalagmite decoration (Map). The tour includes an exhibition dedicated to prehistory in the newly opened Museum.

Sloupsko-šošůvské Caves offer a view into magnificent abysses with charming stalactite and stalagmite decoration (Map). The tour includes the world-famous Kůlna cave featuring a prehistoric settlement and a Neanderthal excavation site.

Výpustek Cave – is an important paleontological site (Map) and one of the few European excavation sites with complete skeletons of Pleistocene animals. It was first opened to the public in 2008.

There are five accessible caves in the Olomouc Region:

Mladeč Caves are located in an extremely significant archaeological, paleontological and zoological site (Map). The oldest records of human settlement are findings of human skulls and skeletons from the Cro-Magnon people from the Palaeolithic era as well as their tools and weapons.  Remains of fireplaces and bones of prehistoric animals are still present in the caves.

Javoříčko Caves are unique for their rich and varied stalactite and stalagmite decoration found in a complex labyrinth of large domes, corridors, abysses and rifts. The caves belong among the most beautiful caves in the CR (Map). They are also the largest winter hideout of bats in the CR.

Na Špičáku Caves belong among the oldest caves recorded in writing in central Europe. The first written record of the caves comes from 1430. The cave tour is barrier-free (Map).

Na Pomezí Caves are the longest karst system (Map) in the CR composed of crystalline calcite- marble.

Zbrašov Aragonite Caves are the only accessible caves (Map) of hydrothermal origin in the Czech Republic. The unique decoration is formed by the mineral aragonite.

Na Turoldu Cave is situated in southern Moravia near the city of Mikulov. It is the only accessible cave (Map) created in Jurassic calcite in the CR. Instead of stalagmites and stalactites, the walls are covered with the unique “Turold decoration,” which resembles coral reefs and stone foam full of small holes, pea-like protuberances and druses of fine calcite crystals.

You might like to visit the Bozkov Dolomite Caves in the Liberec Region. It is the longest dolomite cave (Map) system in the CR, and contains the largest underground lake in Bohemia. They are decorated with extraordinary stalagmites and stalactites as well as unique silica structures.

Koněprusy Caves are located in Central Bohemia (Map). They have a unique decoration called the “Koněprusy rosette.” The bones of prehistoric people and animals have been found in the caves, as well as a uniquely preserved secret medieval coiner’s workroom. 

Chýnov Caves, located in Southern Bohemia (Map), was the first cave in the Czech Republic to be opened to the public in 1868. They are characterised by an extraordinary colour range of walls and ceilings, where the white, yellow and brown marble structures are interlaced with dark layers of amphibolites.
 


 
Author: Romana Kuncová
 
Added: 04.08.2012
 
 
 

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