HOMEPAGE

Tourism
 
Where to go, what to visit?
 
Interesting places

 

Lednice - Valtice

 
photo:  (mojefoto.cz)
 

 

The romantic chateau Lednice is situated in the extensive natural area on the embankment of the Dyje River. Originally a Gothic fortified settlement was located there, mentioned as early as 1222, which Prince Přemysl donated to the Lichtenstein family. Lednice was their residential place till the end of World War II with only one short break. In the 16th century, the settlement was rebuilt into a Renaissance chateau. In the late 17th century, the Viennese architect J.B.Fischer rebuilt it in the Baroque style. The Neo-Gothic reconstruction in the Tudor style from 1846-58 gave the chateau its present-day appearance. The architect of the reconstruction was Jiří Wingelmüller. Baroque walls remained mostly preserved; facades were remade and many new architectural elements were added, such as battlements, balconies, parlors, chimneys and little spires. Also, the interiors received a Romantic Neo-Gothic overhaul complete with rich woodcarvings. Besides the chateau exposition, there is the Agricultural Museum, which boasts a rare head of a mammoth.

The Valtice Chateau is situated at the place of the castle of the Passau bishop from the late 12th century. In 1395, the Lichtenstein family also bought this place, rebuilt the castle several times and in the 16th century the castle was rebuilt in the style of Mannerism. During the Thirty Years' War, the Swedish military forces damaged the chateau several times; the damaged objects were later completely rebuilt into the recent Baroque residence. The reconstruction lasted up to 1730 and several renowned artists of that time, such as J.B.Fischer of Erlach, A. Ern and J.K.Ern, D.Martinelli and others, participated.

The Lichtenstein family had been working for centuries on creating a unified landscape complex of the two chateaus. An alley was made between the two mansions. The Lednice Chateau complex was complemented by ostentatious buildings of the riding school, minaret in the Moorish style by architect Josef Hardtmuth and a greenhouse according to the model of the London winter garden.

In the 19th century, in the period of Romanticism, the Lednice-Valtice complex got its present-day appearance. Several Romantic buildings were built in the English park, such as The Apollon´s Temple, the Temple of the Three Graces in the Empire style, and at the former Czech-Austrian border, the Border Chateau. In 1996, the Lednice-Valtice complex was included in the UNESCO list of world cultural and natural heritage sites.

There have been many disputes about the origin of the minaret. Alois Liechtenstein originally wished to build a church, but could not get any land from the municipality for the construction. He decided to build the symbol of Islam on his estate in revenge. The minaret is the oldest preserved lookout tower in the Czech Republic, and it belongs among the highest buildings of its type in a non-Islamic country.


 

Links

 
Author:
 
Added: 01.01.2010
 
 
 

Related articles

 
Leisure time
 
 

The most beautiful Czech gardens and...

The Czech Republic has much to offer to all lovers of artificial gardens and natural parks. This series...

 
 
Interesting places
 
 

Water mills

The clatter of a mill wheel was a quite frequent sound in the past. Today, water mills have turned into...

 
 
Leisure time
 
 

Boheminium Park – Bohemia at your...

The educational-and-tourist loop in the Boheminium Park in Mariánské Lázně, with more than 40 miniature...

 
 
Leisure time
 
 

The most beautiful Czech parks and...

All lovers of gardens and nature parks will find what they long for in the Czech Republic. This series...

 
Most favourite

History of Czech fine art

What happened in the realm of fine art at the very beginning of the Czech…

Climate

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in moderate geographical…

The most significant current discoveries

During the last decade, Czech science has made many revolutionary discoveries…

Czech language

The Czech language belongs to the group of West Slavic languages. From another…